Knee Pain Has Discomfort In The Structures Of The Knee
Knee pain may be due to injury, inflammation or infection. The causes of knee pain can vary according to age. Knee pain can be seen with the presence of swelling, tenderness, and bruising. Pain in the knee can lead to fever, skin redness, and more severe pain.
Causes of Knee Pain
There are many causes of knee pain such as: Injuries to the ACL, meniscus tearing, knee bursitis (inflammation of the bursae), Tendinitis, bone degeneration, cartilage tearing, dislocated kneecaps, hip or foot pain, Arthritis, Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, Osgood-Schlatter Disease, Osteochondritis Dissecans, and Iliotibial band syndrome.
- Trauma to the knee can affect the ligaments, tendons, cartilage, bursae (fluid-filled sac that surrounds the knee joint) and bones. Some of the more common knee injuries include:
- ACL injury. An ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament An ACL injury is particularly common in people who play football, basketball or any sport with sudden changes in direction.
- Torn meniscus. The meniscus acts as a shock absorber between the two bones of the knee at it can be torn if you suddenly twist your knee while bearing weight on it.
- Knee bursitis. Some knee injuries cause inflammation in the bursae resulting in bursitis.
- Patellar tendinitis. Tendinitis is irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons. The tendon attaches muscle to the bone and when the muscle and tendon are over-used inflammation develops. This is a common injury with runners.
- Osteoarthritis. Sometimes called degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It’s a wear-and-tear condition that occurs when the cartilage in your knee deteriorates with use and age.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. The most debilitating form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that can affect almost any joint in your body, including your knees. Although rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, it tends to vary in severity and may even come and go.
- Gout. This type of arthritis occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joint. While gout most commonly affects the big toe, it can also occur in the knee.
Diagnosing the Cause of Knee Pain
The most important part of caring for patients with knee pain is an accurate diagnosis. Dr. Magaziner uses his years of clinical experience, using a thorough examination and sophisticated diagnostic tools to arrive at his diagnosis. Some of the diagnostic tools are: X-ray, Fluoroscopy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Bone Scan and Ultrasound but most important is a good physical exam.
Dr. Magaziner’s philosophy is to start with the more conservative treatments (less invasive) first such as rest, medication, bracing, ergonomic changes, physical therapy, acupuncture, and laser therapy. If the condition does not respond to conservative care some possible treatments include: joint injections, prolotherapy, PRP, and stem cell grafts. As a last resort surgery may be necessary.